New IB Maths Curriculum, Changes and Impact
“These are not twists to the old syllabus but instead two completely new courses with far-reaching implications for IB Maths students”
Most of the students requesting us seeking tuition classes is for the subject Maths, so we know that it is one of the crucial and difficult subjects for IB students. This makes any changes to the IB Maths programme a necessary reading for students and parents alike.
Explore the new curriculum
Students taking exams in 2021 are in the thick of it right now and IB schools and IB Maths teachers are already on top of the changes, however, the next generations of IB students and their parents still understand the key changes and revision with its implications. As Baccalaureate classes has efficiently trained all our IB Maths tutors and speak to parents daily, we can explain the new curriculum and break it down into the key differences and the possible influence upon future IB students.
Development or revolution, what are the changes ?
There are two absolutely new IB Maths courses: Mathematics: Evaluation and Approaches and Mathematics: Applications and Interpretation. These are not twist to the previous syllabus but instead two entirely new courses restoring the old Maths Standard Level, Maths Higher Level and Maths Studies.
Controversial change, removing IB Maths Studies course
Before dealing with what the new courses offer, let’s handle the key change that is most disputed. The IBO (International Baccalaureate Organization which creates the syllabi for all IB courses) have put the proverbial cat among the pigeons with their move away from offering the Maths Studies course. Historically, this has been taken by students with less of a love for Maths so as to say. The IBO advocates these students take the new Standard Level Applications and Interpretation course, but many teachers are concerned that this will be a real stretch and could lead to discouraging results, with possibly more students failing the course.
Why do we need these new courses?
After a 7-year review, the IBO created the courses to uplift the critical thinking in IB Maths, to give students the skills that are becoming increasingly important in the 21st century to:
- Reflect the changing needs of universities and the world of work
- Offer a greater choice for students
- Increase the emphasis on the use of technology
- Respond to the low uptake of Maths Higher Level within the IB Maths Diploma
How to choose what to study?
Look to the school’s Maths department and IB Coordinator for advice, check which courses/levels key universities are demanding and finally, but noteworthy as well, think about the kind of Maths the student thinks they will do best at.
Not all schools offer both courses at both levels, so it is important to understand the possibilities available. Some smaller schools are starting by offering combined HL and SL classes for both courses. This can be a positive as it has the capacity to make HL accessible to more students, however, I know in staff rooms in many IB schools this is not a popular approach as it risks SL students feeling left behind and potentially out of their depth.
Every topic begins with SL content that is common to courses so some schools are searching to begin teaching both AA and AI together to cover a common core until September then dividing into separate AA and AI classes. However, this poses a real challenge for teachers, especially in the areas of trigonometry and calculus. The SL is a subset of the HL for both courses and this is referred to as common content.
We witness students and Maths departments scuffling to navigate the choice, with some already adding new Analysis and Approaches Standard Level classes as students find to catch the speed difficult and move down.
A Deep Insight Into The New Course Content
Mathematics: Applications and Interpretation
This course is evolved for students who wish to “develop their mathematics for describing our world, designing and solving practical problems.” It will also use more technology because of the focus on statistics. Both SL and HL courses contain statistics and probability. The IBO state that it suits students “who enjoy mathematics best when seen in a practical context.” What is clear is that Applications and Interpretation will not be as majestic as Analysis and Approached for those students wanting to follow a Maths related course at University.
Mathematics: Analysis and Approaches
This course is drawn for students who “enjoy developing their mathematics” and want to study the “construction of mathematical arguments and develop strong skills in mathematical thinking”. This focusses on algebra, geometry and calculus at HL, with a relatively even spread across the 5 topics at SL. It will be the clear option for students wanting to study Maths related courses at university.